Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka served as a Deputy President of South Africa from 2005-2008. Prior to her appointment, she served as a Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry (DTI) of South Africa from 1996-1999; Minister of Arts, Culture, Science and Technology from February to April 2004; Minister of Minerals and Energy of South Africa from 1999-2005. She became a Member of Parliament and Chairperson of the Public Service and Administration Portfolio Committee in 1994. Mlambo-Ngcuka holds a Master’s of Philosophy in Educational Planning and Policy; a Bachelor of Arts in Social Science and Education from National University of Lesotho (NUL) and studied Gender Policy and Planning Development at Planning Unit of the University College of London. She currently serves as the Executive Director of UN Women.